Vprašanje legitimnosti skupne kmetijske politike z vidika okoljske komponente trajnostnega razvoja podeželja // The issue of CAP legitimacy in terms of the environmental component of sustainable rural development

  • Maruša Goluža
Keywords: trajnostni razvoj, skupna kmetijska politika, podeželje, legitimnost, participativno planiranje, varovanje okolja // sustainable development, common agricultural policy, rural areas, legitimacy, participatory planning, environmental protection

Abstract

Trajnostni razvoj podeželja je postal eden glavnih ciljev skupne evropske kmetijske politike (SKP). Zaradi ukrepov, ki temeljijo na prostovoljnem sodelovanju kmetov, je uresničitev ciljev močno odvisna od kmetov in njihove okoljske zavesti. Nekatere raziskave kažejo na relativno majhen delež kmetov, ki se za izvajanje okolju prijaznih kmetijskih praks odločijo izključno na podlagi odgovornosti varovanja okolja in s doprinosom k trajnostnemu razvoju podeželja. Kmetje, čeprav glavni uporabniki SKP, veljajo za kritike SKP, saj le-ta ne rešuje povsem njihovih težav. Nezaupanje v SKP kaže na pomanjkanje legitimnosti, česar se zaveda tudi Evropska unija. Rešitev, ki bi lahko rešila ta izziv, je vključevanje participativnega procesa v postopke odločanja in oblikovanja politik.

Sustainable rural development has become one of the main objectives of the common European agricultural policy (CAP). Due to the voluntary nature of CAP's measures, its success strongly depends on farmers' environmental awareness. Some studies indicate a relatively limited share of farmers whose decisions to implement environmentally friendly agricultural practices are made solely on the basis of their moral duty to contribute to the sustainable rural development. Despite the main beneficiaries of the CAP, farmers strongly criticize the policy, which does not tackle their problems entirely. Farmers' mistrust in the CAP reveals the lack of legitimacy, which has already been recognized by the European Union. The solution which could solve this challenge is the implementation of a participatory process in policy making.

 

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Published
2014-12-15
Section
Articles/članki