Geografija obmejnosti in raznolikost sodobnih političnih meja // Geography of border landscapes and the differentiation of current political boundaries

  • Milan Bufon
  • André-Louis Sanguin
Keywords: politična geografija, geografija obmejnosti, obmejna območja, čezmejno povezovanje, družbena in prostorska konvergenca, družbena in prostorska divergenca // political geography, geography of border landscapes, cross-border cooperation, social and spatial convergence, social and spatial divergence


Obmejna območja so v zadnjih desetletjih v osredju znanstvenega zanimanja političnih geografov. Pristopi se sicer razlikujejo, pri vseh pa prevladuje interes do razmerja med prostorom ter družbo pri interpretaciji sočasno potekajočih procesov divergence in konvergence, ki povzročajo različne težnje in prakse družbenega in prostorskega ločevanja ter povezovanja. Članek daje pregled temeljnih dejavnikov in potekov tega procesa ter skuša podati, ob neki uvodni sistematizaciji obravnavane problematike, tudi pretres sodobnih pristopov in dognanj, s posebnim poudarkom na raziskovalnih rezultatih, ki sta jih avtorja razvijala pri preučevanju obmejnih razmer in čezmejnega povezovanja.

Border landscapes are for decades in the heart of the scientific interest of political geographers. Approaches are different, but most of them are focusing on the relations between space and society within the context of interpretation of the contemporary processes of divergence and convergence, providing thus different trends and results of social and spatial divisions and connections. The article offers an overview of the main factors and developments regarding those processes, and tries to give in its first part a more systematic organization of the studied issues, followed by an evaluation of the current research results within the geography of border landscapes, based in particular on the research results that both authors have developed in their study of border situations and cross-border cooperation in Europe.


Arreola, D. D. 1996: Border-city idée fixe. The Geographical Review 86-3. New York.

Ballif, F. 2009: Les peacelines de Belfast, entre maintien de l’ordreetgestionurbaine. Cultures and Conflits 73. Pariz.

Bufon, M. 1995: Prostor, meje, ljudje – razvoj prekomejnih odnosov, struktura obmejnega območja in vrednotenje obmejnosti na Goriškem. Trst.

Bufon, M. 1996: Naravne, kulturne in družbene meje. Annales 6-8. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2001: Geografija obmejnosti, čezmejne regije in oblike čezmejne povezanosti. Geografski vestnik 73-2. Ljubljana.

Bufon, M. 2004: Med teritorialnostjo in globalnostjo – sodobni problemi območij družbenega in kulturnega stika. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2006a: Between social and spatial convergence and divergence – an exploration into the political geography of European contact areas. GeoJournal 66-4. Dodrecht. DOI:

Bufon, M. 2006b: Geography of border landscapes, borderlands and euroregions in the enlarged EU. Rivista geografica italiana 113-1. Firenze.

Bufon, M. 2007: Osnove politične geografije. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2008: Na obrobju ali v osredju? Slovenska obmejna območja pred izzivi evropskega povezovanja. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2011: »Ne vrag, le sosed bo mejak!« Upravljanje integracijskih procesov v obmejnih območjih. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2013: It is possible to »measure« the intensity of cross-border cohesion? A case study of Slovene border areas. Annales, Series historia et sociologia 23-1. Koper.

Bufon, M. 2014: Spatial and social (re)integration of border and multicultural regions: creating unity in diversity? The New European Frontiers. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Dallen, T., Butler, R. 2005: Cross-border shopping: a North American perspective. Borders and Border Politics in a Globalized World. Lanham.

Ehlers, N.,Buursink, J. 2000: Binational cities:people, institutions and structures. Borders, Regions and People. London.

Ejderyan, O. 2002: Evolution de la cooperation transfrontaliere et europeanisation – une evaluation au regard de la situation franco-genevoise. Mosella 27, 3-4. Metz.

Falke, S. 2012: Peace on the fence? Israel’s security culture and the separation fence to theWest Bank. Journal of Borderlands Studies 27-2. Laredo. DOI:

Gottmann, J. 1973: The Significance of Territory. Charlottesville.

Hartshorne, R. 1950: The functional approach in political geography. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 40. Washington. DOI:

Haeyrynen, M. 2009: The transboundary landscape of the EU-Schengen border. Journal of Borderlands Studies 24-2. Laredo. DOI:

Horowitz, M. 2006: In the eye of the beholder - the social construction of the injustice along the Mexico-US border. Journal of Borderlands Studies 21-2. Laredo. DOI:

House, J. W. 1981: Frontier studies – an applied approach. Political Studies from Spatial Perspectives. New York.

Houtum, H., Strüver, A. 2002: Borders, strangers, doors and bridges. Space and Polity 6-2. DOI:

Isachenko, T. 2009: Cultural landscape dynamics of transboundary areas -a case study of theKarelian isthmus. Journal of Borderlands Studies 24-2. Abingdon. DOI:

Jones, S. B. 1954: A unified field theory of political geography. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 49. Washington. DOI:

Kliot, N., Mansfeld, Y. 1994: The dual landscape of a partitioned city - Nicosia. Political Boundaries and Coexistence. Berne.

Kuusisto, A. K. 2002: Urban borderlands and the politics of place in Northern Ireland. Boundaries and Place – European Borderlands in Geographical Context. Lanham.

Jones, R. 2009: Geopolitical boundary narratives, the global war on terror, and border fencing in India. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 34-3. Oxford. DOI:

Knight, D. B. 1982: Identity and territory: geographical perspectives on nationalism and regionalism. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 72-4. Washington. DOI:

Laitinen, K. 2003: Post-cold war security borders: a conceptual approach. Routing Borders between Territories, Discourses and Practices. Aldershot.

Leister, F. 2001: General prospects and special examples of transborder co-operation in the Euro-reegion Neisse on the Polish-German border. Region and Regionalism 5. Łódź-Opole.

Maier, J. 1983: Grenzen und Raumforschung – eine Problemskizze. Staatsgrenzen und Einfluss auf Raumstrukturen und Verhaltensmuster. Bayreuth.

Martinez, O. J. 1994: The dynamic of border interaction – new approaches to border analysis. World Boundaries. London.

Minghi, J. 2014: Good ideas for studying border regions. The New European Frontiers. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Orcier, P. 2011: Valka-Valga: recomposition d’une agglomération frontalière entre Lettonie et Estonie. Journal of Urban Research 6. DOI :

Murià, M., Chávez, S. 2011: Shopping and working in the borderlands: enforcement, surveillance and marketing in Tijuana, Mexico. Surveillance and Society 8-3. Kingston.

Paasi, A. 2014: The shifting landscapes of border studies. The New European Frontiers. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Poulantzas, N. 1978: State, Power, Socialism. London.

Rajaram, P., Grund-Warr, C. 2007: Borderscapes – Hidden Geographies and Politics at Territory’s Edge. Minneapolis.

Ratti, R. 1991: Theorie du developpment des regions transfrontaliers. Fribourg.

Redon, M. 2011: One island, two landscapes. Shima 5-2. Sydney.

Rumley, D., Minghi, J. V. 1991: The Geography of Border Landscapes. London.

Sack, R. D. 1981: Territorial Basis of Power. New York.

Sack, R. D. 1986: Human Territoriality. Cambridge.

Saddiki, S. 2012: The Sahara wall - status and prospects. Journal of Borderlands Studies 27-2. Laredo. DOI:

Sanguin, A. L. 1984: Le paysage politique: quelques considérations sur un concept résurgent. L’Espace Géographique 13-1.

Sanguin, A. L. 2006: Andorra, the European micro-state’s archetype -the borderscape’s original features of a duty-free exclave. Borderscapes: Spaces of Conflicts, Symbolic Places, Networks of Peace. Milano.

Sanguin, A. L. 2014: The Schengen effects at the EU's inner borders – cheaper stores and large-scale prostitution. The New European Frontiers. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Sauer, C. O. 1925: The Morphology of Landscape. San Francisco.

Scott, J. W. 2006: Wider Europe: geopolitics of inclusion and exclusion at the EU’s new external boundaries. Enlargement, Region Building and Shifting Borders of Inclusion and Exclusion. Aldershot.

Skowronek, E., Furtak, T. 2009: Determinants of change in the landscape of the Polish-Ukrainian borderland as exemplified by RawaRoztocze. Journal of Borderlands Studies 24-2. Laredo. DOI:

Van der Velde, M. 2000: Shopping, space and borders. Borders, Regions and People. London.

Wasserman, D. 1996: The borderlands mall: form and function of an imported landscape. Journal of Borderlands Studies 11-2. Laredo. DOI:

Whittlesey, D. 1935: Political geography: a complex aspect of geography. Education 50-5.

Wilson, T. M. 2007: Europeanization, identity and policy in the Northern Ireland borderlands. Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement. London.