Representation of Slovenian filming locations in narratives of foreign-produced movies // Zastopanost slovenskih filmskih lokacij v zgodbah filmov tuje produkcije

  • Peter Kumer
Keywords: cultural geography, film geography, filming locations, film producers, fictional landscape, geographical imaginations, Cinema of Yugoslavia, Cinema of Slovenia, //, kulturna geografija, filmska geografija, filmske lokacije, filmski producenti, fikcijska pokrajina, geografsko zamišljanje, Jugoslovanska kinematografija, Slovenska kinematografija

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to understand the role Slovenian locations play in the narratives of the foreign produced movies after Second World War. During Yugoslav period Slovenia was an attractive destination for western film makers who recognized diverse and pristine nature and preserved cultural heritage as suitable scenes for their movies. Important factors for filming were low cost coproduction agreements with Yugoslavian market-oriented film companies, low production prices and freer political atmosphere compared to the Soviet bloc countries. Their interest disappeared after the dissolution of Yugoslavia and political instability of the region. Slovenia as an attractive film destination was “rediscovered” only recently by Indian filmmakers and western European and American companies which found advantage in recently introduced tax rebate policy. In the paper we analysed foreign produced movies filmed in Slovenia since 1950s to determine the meaning of selected locations in the narratives. Out of 24 movies analysed most of them were produced by US film companies, followed by Italian and German companies. Film locations in the movie narratives mostly substitute real locations in other countries or regions. The second most frequent motive is a fantasy scene or not explicitly defined location. We also identified locations that represent idealised mountainous landscape and landscapes of North America. The results show that Slovenian landscapes are often chosen as a non-authentic substitution for other globally more recognized landscapes and their parts. Low production costs in globally competitive market most likely still play an important role for destination decision. Understanding references of Slovenian filming locations in movie narratives can be useful for location scouts and tourism workers who design promotion strategies. //

 

Namen članka je razumeti vlogo slovenskih lokacij v zgodbah filmov tuje produkcije, posnetih po drugi svetovni vojni. V času Jugoslavije je bila Slovenija privlačna destinacija za filmske ustvarjalce z zahoda, ki so prepoznali raznoliko in neobljudeno naravo ter ohranjeno kulturno dediščino kot primerno za kuliso v njihovih filmih. Pomembni dejavniki za snemanje so bili poceni koprodukcijski sporazumi z jugoslovanskimi filmskimi podjetji, ki so bila tržno usmerjena, nizki produkcijski stroški in svobodnejše politično ozračje v primerjavi z državami sovjetskega bloka. Interes tujih filmskih ustvarjalcev je izginil po razpadu Jugoslavije in nastopu politične nestabilnosti v regiji. Slovenija je bila kot privlačna filmska destinacija ponovno »odkrita« šele nedavno s strani indijskih filmskih ustvarjalcev ter ameriških in britanskih podjetij, ki so videla priložnost v nedavno uveljavljeni politiki oprostitve davkov. V članku smo analizirali filme tuje produkcije, ki so bili posneti v Sloveniji od 50. let 20. stoletja dalje, da bi prepoznali pomen izbranih lokacij v zgodbah. Izmed 24 analiziranih filmov, so večino producirala ameriška filmska podjetja, sledijo nemška in italijanska. Lokacije v zgodbah filmov večinoma nadomeščajo resnične lokacije v drugih državah in regijah. Drugi najbolj pogost motiv so fantazijski prizori ali nedoločljive lokacije. Prepoznali smo tudi lokacije, ki predstavljajo idealizirane gorske pokrajine in pokrajine Severne Amerike. Rezultati kažejo, da slovenske pokrajine pogosto ne-avtentično nadomeščajo druge globalno bolj poznane pokrajine in njihove prvine. Nizki stroški v globalno konkurenčnem trgu najverjetneje še vedno igrajo pomembno vlogo pri odločitvi za destinacijo. Razumevanje pomenov slovenskih filmskih lokacij v filmskih zgodbah je lahko uporabno za poklicne iskalce filmskih lokacij in turistične delavce, ki pripravljajo promocijske strategije.

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Published
2019-12-15
Section
Articles/članki