Moralizem in individualizem v urbani prozi: deleuzovska in bahtinovska kritika prostorskih transgresij v sodobnih kriminalnih romanih

  • Bart Keunen


Urban crime fiction can be seen as an inheritor of the adventure novel tradition and the “ordeal plot”. The semantic foundations of the ordeal plot are traditionally detailed as an opposition between labyrinthine and anomic settings on the one hand and a quest for moral authenticity on the other. In urban crime fiction one can clearly see how modern literature transforms this model in an attempt to cope with the “modernity syndrome” (the paradoxical co-existence of decoding and recoding mechanisms). Contemporary urban representations, and this will be the main focus of this contribution, radicalize the transformed model.


AUERBACH, Erich. 2003 (1946). Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.

BAKHTIN, Mikhail M. 1981. “Forms of Time and of the Chronotope in the Novel: Notes Toward a Historical Poetics.” The Dialogic Imagination. Ed. Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press. 84–254.

BAKHTIN, Mikhail M. 1986. “The Bildungsroman and Its Significance in the History of Realism.” Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Ed. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press. 10–59.

BECK, Ulrich. 1986. Risk Society: Towards a >New Modernity. Trans. Mark Ritter. London: Sage, 1992.

BERTENS Hans, and Theo D’haen. 2001. Contemporary American Crime Fiction. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

BLAKELY, Edward J., and Mary Gail Snyder. 1997. /em> Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

BROOKER, Peter. 2002. Modernity and Metropolis: Writing, Film and Urban Formations. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

CHANDLER, Raymond. 1944. “The Simple Art of Murder.” Atlantic Monthly (December). 53–59.

CHRISTIAN, Ed (ed.). 2001. The Post-Colonial Detective. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

DELEUZE, Gilles and Felix Guattari. 1972. Capitalisme et schizophrénie 1. L’Anti-Œdipe. Paris: Minuit.

DELEUZE, Gilles and Felix Guattari. 1980. Capitalisme et schizophrénie 2. Mille plateaux. Paris: Minuit.

DENNING, Michael. 1987. Cover Stories : Narrative and Ideology in the British Spy Thriller. London: Routledge.

ELIAS, Norbert. 1982 (1939). Het civilisatieproces. Utrecht: Het Spectrum.

FRISBY, David. 1986. Fragments of Modernity. Theories of Modernity in the Works of Simmel, Kracauer and Benjamin. Cambridge: Polity Press.

FRYE, Northrop. 1973 (1957). Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.

GOBEL, Walter. 1982. “Schreckbild Stadt: Chicago im naturalistischen Roman.“ Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik 48: 88–102.

JAMESON, Fredric. 1981. The Political Unconscious. Literature as a Socially Symbolic Act. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

KAPLAN, Amy. 1988. The Social Construction of American Realism. Chicago, III.: University of Chicago Press.

KENNEDY, Liam. 2000. “Paranoid Spatiality: Postmodern Urbanism and American Cinema.” Urban Space and Representation. Ed. Maria Balshaw and Liam Kennedy. London: Pluto. 116–128.

KEUNEN, Bart. 2000. De verbeelding van de grootstad: stads- en wereldbeelden in het proza van de moderniteit. Brussels: VUB Press.

KEUNEN, Bart. 2001. “The Plurality of Chronotopes in the Modernist City Novel: The Case of Manhattan Transfer.” English Studies 5: 420–436.

LEHAN, Richard. 1998. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

LOTMAN, Yuri M. 1990. Universe of the Mind. A Semiotic Theory of Culture. Trans. Ann Shukman. London: Tauris.

LEVY, Diane Wolfe. 1978. “City Signs.” Modern Fiction Studies 24: 65–73.

MENDOZA, Eduardo. 1978. El misterio de la cripta embrujada. Barcelona: Seix Barral.

MENDOZA, Eduardo. 1982. El laberinto de las aceitunas. Barcelona: Seix Barral.

MENDOZA, Eduardo. 2001. La aventura del tocador de señoras. Barcelona: Seix Barral. Mystery Guide. 2004.

NEGRI, Antonio. 2001. Empire. Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press.

SHAMES, Laurence. 1986. “Andrew Vachss: Flood’s Angry Author.“ Playboy (February).

SIMMEL, Georg. 1903. “Soziologie des Raumes.“ Jahrbuch für Gesetzgebung, Verwaltung und Volkswirtschaft 27: 27–71.

The Zero – Official Website of Andrew Vachss. 2004.

WILLETT, Ralph. 1996. The Naked City: Urban Crime Fiction in the USA. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

WILLIAMS, Raymond. 1985 (1973). The Country and the City. London: Hogarth Press.