Otroštvo in mladostniški podvigi kot osrednja tema v Kralju Hornu in Haveloku Danskem, romancah izgnanstva in povratka

  • Alenka Divjak
Ključne besede: angleška književnost, srednjeveška književnost, romanca, pustolovski roman, Kralj Horn, Havelok Danski, izgnanstvo, vrnitev


Članek obravnava otroštvo in mladostniške podvige v Kralju Hornu in Haveloku Danskem, romancah izgnanstva in povratka iz trinajstega stoletja, ki se osredotočata na razlaščene in izgnane plemiče in njihov uspešni povratek v domovino. Članek obravnava pot v izgnanstvo, izobrazbo in poroko kot tri bistvene pripovedne elemente v obeh romancah in tradiciji srednjeveške romance na splošno.


Aird, W. M. »Frustrated Masculinity: The Relationship Between William the Conqueror and His Eldest Son«. Masculinity in Medieval Europe. Ur. D. M. Hadley. London, New York: Longman, 1999. 39–55.

Barker, J. R. V. The Tournament in England, 1100–1400. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1986.

Battles, Dominique. Cultural Difference and Material Culture in Middle English Romance. Normans and Saxons. New York, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013.

Bennett, Matthew. »The Medieval Warhorse Reconsidered«. Medieval Knighthood, 5. Papers from the Sixth Strawberry Hill Conference 1994. Ur. Stephen Church, Ruth Harvey. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1995. 19–40.

Blakeslee, T. Merritt R. »The Pattern(s) of the Heroic Biography: Structure and Sense in the Tristan of Thomas of Britain«. Michigan Academician 11 (1979): 375–383.

Boswell, John. The Kindness of Strangers. The Abandonment of Children in Western Europe from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance. New York: Pantheon, 1988.

Bugge, Alexander. »Havelok and Olaf Tryggvason. A Contribution Towards the Further Understanding of the Kings’ Sagas«. The Saga-Book of the Viking Society 6 (1908–1909): 257–295.

Calin, W. The Epic Quest: Studies in Four Old Chansons de Geste. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1966.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 21968.

Clover, Carol J. »Maiden Warriors and Other Sons«. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 85 (1986): 35–49.

Cosman, M. The Education of the Hero in Arthurian Romance. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1966.

Cotton, William T. »Teaching the Motifs of Chivalric Biography«. Ur. Howell Chickering, Thomas H. Seiler. The Study of Chivalry: Resources and Approaches. Kalamazoo, Mich.: Medieval Institute Publications, 1988. 583–609.

Crane, Susan. Insular Romance: Politics, Faith and Culture in Anglo-Norman and Middle English Romance. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1986.

Creek, Herbert L. »Character in the ’Mattter of England’ Romances I«. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 10 (1911): 429–452.

− − −. »Character in the ’Mattter of England’ Romances II«. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 10 (1911): 585–609.

Dannenbaum [Crane], Susan. »Anglo-Norman Romances of English Heroes: ‘Ancestral Romance’?« Romance Philology 35 (1982): 601–608.

Delany, Sheila. Medieval Literary Politics: Shapes of Ideology. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.

Delany Sheila – Vahan Ishkanian. »Theocratic and Contextual Kingship in Havelok the Dane«. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistic 22 (1974): 290–302.

Duby, G. Medieval Marriage: Two Models from Twelfth-Century France. Prev. E. Foster. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Freed, John B. »German Source Collections: The Archdiocese of Salzburg as a Case Study«. Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History. Ur. Joel T. Rosenthal. Athens, GA, London: University of Georgia Press, 1990. 80–121.

Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism. Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.

− − −. The Secular Scripture. A Study of the Structure of Romance. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Gaffney, Phyllis. Construction of Childhood and Youth in Old French Narrative. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2011.

Green, D. H. Irony in the Medieval Romance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Hanning, Robert W. »Havelok the Dane: Structure, Symbols, Meaning«. Studies in Philology 64 (1967): 586–605.

Hines, John. The Fabliau in English. London, New York: Longman, 1993.

Hofer, Stefan. »Horn et Rimel«. Romanische Forschungen 70 (1958): 278–322.

Hunt, Tony. »The Emergence of the Knight in France and England, 1000–1200«. Ur. W. H. Jackson. Knighthood in Medieval Literature. Woodbridge, Suffolk: D.S. Brewer, 1981. 1–22.

Hynes-Berry, Mary. »Cohesion in King Horn and Sir Orfeo«. Speculum 50 (1975): 652–670.

Jack, George B. »The Date of Havelok«. Anglia 95 (1977): 20–33.

Jackson, T. H. »Tristan the Artist in Gottfried’s Poem«. Publications of Modern Language Association of America 77 (1962): 364–372.

Jaeger, C. Stephen. The Origins of Courtliness. Civilizing Trends in the Formation of Courtly Ideals. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1985.

Keen, Maurice. Chivalry. New Haven, CT, London: Yale University Press, 1984.

Kolz, W. »Erecs und Enidens Läuterungsfahrt«. Germanisch-Romanische Monatschrift 18 (1930): 290–308.

Köhler, Erich. Ideal und Wirklichkeit in der höfischen Epik. Studien zur Form der frühen Artus- und Graldichtung, Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie, vol. 97. Tübingen: Niermeyer, 1956.

Kretschmer, Bernd. Höfische und altwestnordische Erzähltradition in den Riddarasögur. Studien zur Rezeption der altfranzösischen Artusepik am Beispiel der Erex saga, Ívens saga und Percevals saga. Hattingen: Verlag Dr Bernd Kretschmer, 1982.

Leach, H. G. Angevin Britain and Scandinavia. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.

Legge, Maria Dominica. Anglo-Norman Literature and Its Background. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.

McDonald, Jill P. »Chivalric Education in Wolfram’s Parzival and Gottfried’s Tristan«. The Study of Chivalry: Resources and Approaches. Ur. Howell Chickering, Thomas H. Seiler. Kalamazoo, Mich.: Medieval Institute Publications, 1988. 473–490.

Meyer-Linderberg, Herlint. »Zur Datierung des Havelok«. Anglia 86 (1968): 89–112.

Mills, Maldwyn. »Havelok and the Brutal Fisherman«. Medium Ævum 36.3 (1967): 219–230.

van Nahl [Bucher], Astrid. Originale Riddarasögur als Teil altnordischer Sagaliteratur. Frankfurt ob Majni, Bern: Lang, 1981.

Painter, Sidney. »The Family and the Feudal System in Twelfth-Century England«. Speculum 35 (1960): 116.

Purdon, Liam O. »The Rite of Vassalage in Havelok the Dane«. Medievalia et humanistica 20 (1993): 25–39.

Raglan, FitzRoy. The Hero: A Study in Tradition, Myth and Drama. London: Methuen & Co., 1949.

Ramondt, Marie. »Zur Jugendgeschichte des Parzivals«. Neophilologus 9 (1924): 15–22.

Rank, Otto. Der Mythus von der Geburt des Helden. Leipzig, Dunaj: Deuticke, 1922.

Redford, Donald B. »The Literary Motif of the Exposed Child«. Numen 14 (1967): 209–228.

Reiss, Edmund. »Havelok the Dane and Norse Mythology«. Modern Language Quarterly 27 (1966): 115–124.

Sands, Donald B., ur. Middle English Verse Romances. Exeter: University of Exeter, 1986.

Saunders, Corinne. »Gender, Virtue and Wisdom in Sir Bevis of Hampton«. Sir Bevis of Hampton in Literary Tradition. Ur. Jennifer Fellows in Ivana Djordjević. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2008. 161–172.

Schach, Paul. »Some Observations on the Influence of Tristrams saga ok Ísöndar on Old Icelandic Literature«. Old Norse Literature and Mythology: A Symposium. Ur. Edgar C. Polomé. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969. 81–129.

Speed, Diane. »Saracens of King Horn«. Speculum 65 (1990): 564–595.

Staines, Davis. »Havelok the Dane: A Thirteenth-Century Handbook for Princes«. Speculum 51 (1976): 602–623.

Thiry-Stassin, Martine, Thiry, Claude. »Mariage et lignage dans l’Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchall«. Femmes, mariages-lignages, XIIe-XIVe siècles. Mélanges offerts à Georges Duby. Ur. Jean Dufournet, Michel Jezierski, André Joris, Pierre Tourbert. Bruselj: De Boeck-Wesmael, 1992. 341–359.

Thomas, M. F. »The Briar and the Vine: Tristan Goes North«. Arthurian Literature 3 (1984): 53–90.

Vance, Eugene. »Signs of the City: Medieval Poetry as Detour«. New Literary History 4 (1973): 557–574.

Zaddy, Z. P. »The Structure of Chrétiens ‘Erec’«. Modern Language Review 62 (1967): 608–619.

Ziegler, Georgiana. »Structural Repetitions in King Horn«. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 81 (1980): 403–408.

Weiss, Judith. »Structure and Characterisation in Havelok the Dane«. Speculum 44 (196): 247–257.

Wolfzettel, Friedrich. »Zur Stellung und Bedeutung der Enfances in der altfranzösischen Epik I«. Zeitschrift für französiche Sprache und Literatur 83 (1973): 317–348.

Wolfzettel, Friedrich. »Zur Stellung und Bedeutung der Enfances in der altfranzösischen Epik II«. Zeitschrift für französiche Sprache und Literatur 84 (1974): 1–32.