Tematika in njene posledice: razmišljanje o knjigi <em>Survival</em> avtorice Margaret Atwood

  • Michelle Gadpaille
Ključne besede: kanadska književnost, kanadska literarna veda, tematologija, Atwood, Margaret

Povzetek

Knjiga avtorice Margaret Atwood z naslovom Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (Preživetje: tematski vodnik po kanadski književnosti) je imela daljnosežen vpliv na prakso literarne vede v Kanadi. V knjigi je avtorica obravnavala kanadske knjige in ponudila jasen načrt za holistično branje vseh kanadskih književnih del. Njena uporaba tematskega pristopa je bila posledica vpliva Northropa Fryea. Survival še naprej vpliva na to, kako se kanadska književnost bere in poučuje, in sicer tudi v Evropi, kjer tematski pristop pogosto velja za zapovedanega. Taksonomija preživetja je prispevala k trajnemu tematskemu poudarku v podobi kanadske literarne in kulturne produkcije. V članku avtorica preučuje pojav »preživetja« v literarni vedi, njegovo posledično kritiko in razkrinkanje ter njegovo dolgo »posmrtno življenje« v evropski vedi. Podrobna slogovna analiza besedila razkrije ironije v njem in na podlagi te analize lahko zaključimo, da je sprejem dela v Evropi kot univerzalistične zapovedi nacionalne književnosti pravzaprav oblika kreativnega napačnega razumevanja tona in žanra izvirnika.

Literatura

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