Enaki/neenaki: ne-človeške živali, jezik in znanost v romanu Karen Joy Fowler We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves

  • Vesna Lopičić
  • Danijela Petković
Ključne besede: ameriška književnost, človek in žival, odnos do živali, pravice živali, humanizem, antropocentrizem, nasilje, jezik, znanost

Povzetek

Članek obravnava roman Karen Joy Fowler We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves (2013) v kontekstu vse glasnejših zahtev po pravicah oziroma osvoboditvi ne-človeških živali (nonhuman animals). Splošna poanta romana se sklada s težnjami aktivizma za pravice živali in kritičnega preiskovanja odnosov med človeškim in živalskim v živalskih študijah. Za razliko od brezkompromisnih živalskih liberacionistov, kot so Gary L. Francione, Tom Regan in Steve Best, Fowlerjeva razvija bolj zapleteno moralno perspektivo zlasti na področju znanstvenih/medicinskih raziskav na živalih, ki jo bolj približa Donni Haraway in Petru Singerju. Čeprav avtorica nikakor ne zanika strahot industrijskega kmetovanja ali biomedicinskih eksperimentov z živalmi, njen roman obenem ostaja tako antropocentričen kot humanističen. V nasprotju s tem, kar ima hitro rastoče polje živalskih študij povedati na temo antropocentrizma in humanizma, v romanu We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves to nista nujno slabi besedi.

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2017-11-01
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