Kralj mučenik in sproščena opatinja: dva netipična svetnika iz istega družinskega gnezda

  • Alenka Divjak
Ključne besede: cerkvena zgodovina, krščanstvo, 7. stoletje, Northumbrija, redovništvo, svetniki, sv. Oswald iz Northumbrije, sv. Aebbe iz Coldinghama


Članek primerja dva svetnika, člana kraljevske družine v anglosaškem kraljestvu Northumbriji, brata in sestro, sv. Oswalda, kralja mučenca, in sv. Aebbe, opatinjo. Članek razpravlja tudi o začetnih zadržkih Cerkve v Northumbriji glede vzpostavitve kulta sv. Oswalda (634–642), za kar si je prizadevala Oswaldova družina ob podpori prebivalstva. V nasprotju z Oswaldom, ki je bil kljub globoki vernosti izrazito vpet v posvetno življenje, je bila njegova (pol)sestra Aebbe (ok. 615–683) dejavna kot opatinja in ustanoviteljica samostanske skupnosti v Coldinghamu (današnja južna Škotska). Zavzemanje za Oswaldov kult se je začelo že v prvih letih po njegovi smrti, medtem ko se je Aebbin kult začel uveljavljati šele v dvanajstem stoletju, toda drugače kot sv. Oswald Aebbe ni nikoli dosegla mednarodne prepoznavnosti, vseeno pa je bila zelo cenjena krajevna svetnica zaradi ozdravitvenih čudežev.



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