Mediacija nekoč in danes: Sherpa in Memoires d’un Sherpa Anga Tharkaya

  • Julie Rak
Ključne besede: avtobiografska književnost, alpinizem, šerpe, Ang Tharkay, spomini, literarno posredništvo

Povzetek

Spomini Anga Tharkaya, znanega alpinističnega vodnika in vodje šerp iz zgodnjega obdobja himalajskega alpinizma, postavljajo sodobnega bralca pred več izzivov. Knjiga Memoires d'un Sherpa (Spomini nekega šerpe) je po objavi leta 1954 utonila v pozabo, a je nato v prevodu iz francoščine v angleščino leta 2016 doživela ponovno izdajo z naslovom Sherpa. Ker je njen urednik, prevajalec in prepisovalec občutno posegel v izvirno besedilo, se postavlja vprašanje, ali lahko Sherpo sploh beremo kot življenjsko zgodbo Anga Tharkaya. Zastopam stališče, da lahko, pravzaprav moramo, seveda z vso potrebno občutljivostjo in ob tem, da upoštevamo raznolikost posegov v besedilo. Slednjim je podvrženo prav vsako izdano delo, zato je treba razmisliti o tem, kaj je mediacija, čigavim interesom služi in kakšno vlogo je imela pri pisanju in branju dela Sherpa. Mediacija v memoarskem diskurzu vpliva na vsako pripoved, tako o preteklosti kot sedanjosti. Če želimo slišati, kaj so imeli povedati plezalci iz Nepala v petdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja ter kako povsem mogoče, celo nujno je, da slišimo te glasove v vsej njihovi kompleksnosti tudi danes, da bi postavili pod vprašaj romantične ideje o šerpah, ki vztrajajo v gorniški literaturi, je bistvenega pomena vedeti, kako deluje mediacija v spominih Anga Tharkaya. Na ta način lahko povežemo zgodbe prvih šerp o problemih dela z vprašanji, o katerih šerpe pišejo danes.

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2022-11-07
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