»Kanali interference«: Maurice Blanchot in Emil Cioran

  • Arleen Ionescu
Ključne besede: literarna teorija, medbesedilnost, interferenca, Blanchot, Maurice, Cioran, Emil, fragmentarnost, eksistencializem, skepticizem

Povzetek

Iz koncepta »literarne interference«, ki ga je zasnoval pionir teorije polisistemov Itamar Even-Zohar, razširili pa so ga drugi teoretiki, ter iz različnih interpretacij medbesedilnosti izhajajoči članek primerja dva misleca dvajsetega stoletja: francoskega pisatelja, filozofa in literarnega teoretika Mauricea Blanchota ter v Romuniji rojenega francoskega esejista in filozofa Emila (E. M.) Ciorana. V članku uporabljamo Even-Zoharjev pojem »kanal interference« in predlagamo tri takšne »kanale«, vsakega od njih z rezultati, ki osvetljujejo razmerje med Blanchotovimi in Cioranovimi deli. Prvi »kanal interference«, ki smo ga po Blanchotu poimenovali »sprememba epohe«, vodi v njuno izbiro fragmentarnega pisanja. Drugi, eksistencializem, bi lahko potencialno povezal njuna dela predvsem v tem, kako vzpostavljata temo samomora, s poudarkom na Blanchotovem Prostoru literature in Cioranovem Na višavah obupa. Nazadnje še prek tretjega »kanala interference«, skepticizma obeh mislecev, raziskujemo njuno ukvarjanje s pojmi strast/pasivnost/potrpežljivost.

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